The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that forms a part of the male reproductive system and functions to produce semen. It is situated between the bladder and penis in a way that it wraps around the urethra, a thin tube through which urine and semen pass to leave the body. Many men over 40 and more than 90% of men over 80 have a small amount of prostate enlargement that requires enlarged prostate Treatment in Chennai because hormonal changes and cell growth in the aging process cause the prostate to grow larger and swell with increasing age. The swelling constricts the urethra that can interfere with urine flow, making it harder to empty the bladder during urination. A higher amount of prostate enlargement can subsequently cause serious conditions, such as kidney damage.
Conditions that require to get prostate surgery done
An enlarged prostate experienced by most men during later years of life may not be typically a cause of concern but the swelling and symptoms that follow may be pointers for other prostate issues. Common conditions that an enlarged prostate gland may indicate, include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostatitis and prostate cancer. Growth or inflammation of the prostate gland applies pressure on the urethra to become constricted, leading to difficulty in urinating. Enlarged prostate is most often a benign condition but can be prostate cancer at times. When conservative therapies are deemed not suitable or effective to treat the condition, prostate surgery is considered as the best option. Other than common conditions, indications for prostate surgery include:
- The inability to empty the bladder completely
- Recurrent bleeding
- Enlarged prostate accompanied by bladder stones
- Extremely low force of urination
- High pressure on the ureters called hydronephrosis caused by urinary retention
Surgery for partial or complete removal of the prostate is called a prostatectomy. The choice of surgery and method to remove the prostate will depend on the prostate condition that needs to be treated. A minimally invasive procedure would be the choice in most cases but surgery for full removal of the prostate gland can be more complex open surgery with longer recovery time. Many men do not prefer surgery as the first option, but mostly, it becomes the ultimate option. Based on tests and exams that help to explain the growth, discussion and decision can be made on when to get enlarged prostate surgery in Chennai.
Get prostate surgery done for prostatitis
An inflammation of the prostate or the areas around it is called prostatitis. The four different types of prostatitis are chronic prostatitis (CP/CPPS), acute bacterial prostatitis. chronic bacterial prostatitis and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Acute prostatitis caused by severe and sudden infection can also cause fever, chills, body aches, nausea and vomiting. Majority of prostatitis other than chronic prostatitis, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), are caused by bacteria that can be controlled with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications. Some symptoms of CP/CPPS are the same as other prostate conditions but the severity of pain is more and can spread across the pelvis and abdomen that lasts for months or years unlike the other types of prostatitis. Prostate surgical procedures may be necessary for prostatitis that is not caused by bacteria, as with CP/CPPS because medications will not have any effect on this type.
Get prostate surgery done for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is referred to the condition of an enlarged prostate gland that is noncancerous and does not increase the risk for prostate cancer but the swollen prostate can be bad enough to cause a problem. BPH is a common condition of enlarged prostate in all men who live long enough for hormonal changes on the prostate. Common symptoms of BPH in older men can include:
- frequent urination
- waking up often at night to urinate
- Straining to urinate
- urine stream being weak
- feeling of urgency to urinate
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a procedure commonly used for prostate surgery that uses an electrified wire loop to remove prostate tissues of BHP and relieve pressure on the urethra. Surgical options such as transurethral electro vaporization of the prostate (TUVP), which uses electrical energy to remove tissue with heat, and transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) to surgically widen the urethra may also be recommended as suitable. Enlarged prostate clinic in Chennai also use other procedures like laser techniques and prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) to treat BPH.
Get prostate surgery done for prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer among men where one in eight men have the possibility of being diagnosed with the condition during their lifetime. The cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control and prostate cancer occurs. In comparison to some other cancers, prostate cancer grows with slower spread and gets less invasive. There may be no symptoms of cancer until it has spread. Noticeable symptoms of prostate cancer include:
- Dribbling of urine
- Difficulty in urinating
- Bloody urine
- Erectile dysfunction
- Urinary incontinence, the inability to hold urine
A person with prostate cancer that has a low risk of spread may be put on “Watchful waiting” for monitoring signs of spread carefully, or to treat new symptoms as and when required. Prostate surgery along with radiation therapy may prove necessary. To remove the entire prostate gland by open or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy may be helpful to treat prostate cancer that has not spread to other organs and tissues.
Any change in size or function of the prostate gland, though very small in size, can cause great problems because of its location. Trouble with urination or ejaculation should be discussed with the urologist for enlarged prostate treatment in Chennai about prostate screening. The aim of surgery is to make the prostate gland smaller so that it no longer pushes against the bladder and urethra. It is necessary and life-saving to get prostate surgery done as early as possible in many cases.